Libyan-Italian agreement for establishment of committee for cooperation on military medicine

Written by: RabiaGolden

26/08/2020 – The Ministry of Defense of the Government of National Accord (GNA), along with Italian representatives, agreed to establish a joint committee from both countries to discuss methods of activating joint bilateral cooperation in the field of military medicine. Continuer à lire … « Libyan-Italian agreement for establishment of committee for cooperation on military medicine »

Libya, Turkey, Qatar agree to boost Libyan army

26/08/2020 – Libya has agreed with Turkey and Qatar to sign a three-way agreement for rendering military cooperation to the Libyan army, a senior Libyan official has announced following a quick visit by the Turkish and Qatari top soldiers to Tripoli.

The announcement came from Libya’s Deputy Defense Minister Salah Al-Namroush on Aug. 17 in a statement following tripartite talks with Turkish Defense Minister Hulusi Akar and Qatari Defense Minister Khalid bin Mohammad Al Attiyah in Tripoli. Continuer à lire … « Libya, Turkey, Qatar agree to boost Libyan army »

​​​​​​​Turkish mercenaries’ confessions: Fighting in Libya in exchange for Turkish promises to them

26/08/2020 – According to the latest statistics of the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, Turkey has sent more than 18,000 Syrian mercenaries to Libya, of whom about 7,000 returned to Syria, in addition to about 10,000 from other nationalities.

Thousands of mercenaries join the groups affiliated with the government of National Accord in Tripoli, which is currently planning to seize the strategic city of Sirte, amid a state of international anticipation that subsided with the conclusion of a ceasefire agreement in Libya on Friday. Continuer à lire … « ​​​​​​​Turkish mercenaries’ confessions: Fighting in Libya in exchange for Turkish promises to them »

USA – Apogee-SSU to continue training west African pilots #Chad #Niger

26/08/2020 – US company Apogee-SSU is training Cessna 208B Caravan crews of the Cameroonian, Nigerien and Chadian air forces under a United States government contract.

The US Department of State recently renewed the company’s training contract, Africa Intelligence reports, and Apogee-SSU said on its website it has openings in Africa performing services for the Department of State (DOS), Bureau of African Affairs. This requirement is for the full-time services of three Technical Advisors to train selected aviation personnel in Cameroon, Chad and Niger on Cessna 208B aircraft and respective mission equipment, such as Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance (ISR) and/or Casualty Evacuation (CASEVAC), so that partner nation aviation personnel are self-sufficient in the operations and maintenance tasks of Caravan aircraft. Continuer à lire … « USA – Apogee-SSU to continue training west African pilots #Chad #Niger »

ISS: Chad’s illegal drug trade contributes to regional insecurity

Written by ISSAfrica
25/08/2020 – On 24 July, a court in Chad sentenced ten people including high-ranking security and intelligence officials as part of a transnational tramadol trafficking cabal. Tramadol is a synthetic opiate and anti-inflammatory medication.

Although not a first, this case is unprecedented in its scope and involvement of senior officials. In January 2020, a shipment of 246 boxes (about 47kg) of tramadol, worth XAF12.3 billion (around €18.8 million), coming from India via Douala, Cameroon, and bound for Libya, was seized by Chadian customs.

Chad is positioned south of Libya, on the eastern edge of the Sahel and Lake Chad, west of Sudan and north of the Central African Republic (CAR). There’s latent conflict in the CAR, Boko Haram in the west, intensifying community conflicts on the border with Sudan and various armed gangs, and a volatile situation in southern Libya.

This complexly insecure environment makes it a lucrative market for contraband. Apart from tramadol, other smuggling activities involve arms, other types of drugs (particularly hashish), stolen vehicles and humans.

Even with prominent members of the network behind bars, fighting drug trafficking will be long and arduous.

Considering possible connections between trafficking and insecurity in the country and the neighbourhood, trafficking must be curbed to prevent entrepreneurs of violence and insecurity (armed gangs, highway robbers, highway criminals and violent extremist groups) in Chad from creating destabilising interdependencies.

With one of the trafficking routes into Chad, the Cotonou road, now under surveillance, traffickers have changed routes and are increasing the scale of their operations. The corridor from northern Chad to Libya also sees other types of insecurity and illicit activities including armed gangs, organised crime and smuggling, despite a state security presence. This could become an alternative route for trafficking into and from Chad. It’s a huge desert area that’s impossible to completely control and is well known to traffickers.

Due to its proximity to Libya, northern Chad has suffered the full impact of the Libyan conflict for almost a decade. The conflict in Libya has made it a corridor for various types of trafficking. This area also often escapes effective state control.

Even before the Libyan civil war, northern Chad had been the object of Chad-Libyan contestation (1978-1987). The discovery of gold deposits there has accentuated conflict and insecurity dynamics by attracting actors from different backgrounds, including armed gangs eager to profit from the illicit exploitation and trafficking of this resource.

In other contexts, entrepreneurs of insecurity and violence take advantage of illicit activities to strengthen logistical, operational and financial bases and enhance their resilience to state responses. In 2017, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime also warned of the extent of tramadol trafficking in the Sahel and its use by non-state armed groups.

In July 2019, two senior officials of Chad’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs were arrested for tramadol trafficking from India via Cotonou, Benin. Beninese authorities apprehended the escort with the cargo. The Chadian senior officials involved tried to have him released on the pretext that the cargo was destined for the Chadian national army. The senior officials were tried and imprisoned in Chad and the escort in Benin.

Chad is cited as one of the most corrupt countries in Africa.

A corollary to trafficking is often corruption of administrative authorities. Indeed the huge sums of money involved deepen mistrust in Chad, which is cited as one of the most corrupt countries in Africa. The tramadol trial has set a precedent, but much remains to be done to clean up the system once and for all.

It is important to continue the work to restore the integrity of the security and intelligence environment, from agents using their positions to organise the trafficking, to strengthen the capacity of the judiciary to better track down and try traffickers.

The National Agency for Financial Investigation (ANIF) and the Task Force on Money Laundering in Central Africa (GABAC) should also be asked to track systems through which money gained from the illicit drug trade is being laundered in Chad’s economy and regionally. Asset forfeiture of those involved in trafficking could be effective in this regard.

Finally, the international scope of trafficking raises the need for transnational cooperation involving not only Chad’s neighbours (Cameroon, Nigeria, Niger, Libya, Sudan and the CAR), but also the countries that serve as corridors for this trafficking, particularly Benin, to curb it. An intergovernmental institution such as Interpol, but also existing regional mechanisms such as ANIF and GABAC, should be reinforced to facilitate this cooperation.

Written by Remadji Hoinathy, Senior Researcher, ISS Regional Office for West Africa, the Sahel and the Lake Chad Basin. Republished with permission from ISS Africa. The original article can be found here.

 
Sahel-Elite (Bamako-Mali)

Turkey, Qatar, Libya’s GNA Agree to Establish Turkish Naval Base in Misrata – Reports

22/08/2020 – Turkey, Qatar, and Libya’s Government of National Accord signed an agreement to establish a Turkish naval base in the Libyan city of Misrata, the Al-Arabiya TV channel reported citing sources.

Turkish and Qatari defence ministers Hulusi Akar and Khalid bin Mohamed Al Attiyah arrived in Tripoli on Monday. The ministers held meetings with the leaders of the Government, Libya’s High Council of State, as well as the Government’s Interior Minister Fathi Bashagha.

According to Al Arabiya’s sources, the agreement envisions « the creation of a trilateral military coordination centre in the city of Misrata, as well as the creation of training centres and headquarters for GNA militants in Doha ».

In July, Khalid bin Mohamed Al Attiyah, Hulusi Akar, and Fathi Bashagha held negotiations on the situation in Libya in the Turkish capital of Ankara.

Previously, Turkey provided military support to the Government of National Accord after Ankara and Tripoli signed a military cooperation pact. In response, the Libyan National Army leader Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar vowed to oppose the Turkish forces and accused Ankara of meddling in Libyan internal affairs.

As of today, Libya is divided between two main centres of power — an elected parliament in the country’s east, supported by the Libyan National Army, and the UN-backed Government of National Accord in the west, headed by Fayez Sarraj.

BY CAIRO SPUTNIK

Sahel-Elite (Bamako-Mali) | Photo : © REUTERS / AYMAN AL-SAHILI

Despite the Libyan-Libyan consensus, Turkish government continues recruitment operations

22/08/2020 – Reliable sources have told the Syrian Observatory that the Turkish government continues recruitment operations, as a new batch of mercenaries has arrived in camps in Turkey to undergo military training courses and drills. These mercenaries have been recently recruited in areas in Aleppo and Idlib. However, the next destination has yet to be known whether they will be sent to Libya or another country. It is worth noting that such recruitment operations are still continuing, despite the recent Libyan-Libyan consensus. Continuer à lire … « Despite the Libyan-Libyan consensus, Turkish government continues recruitment operations »

El-Sisi calls on army to be prepared amid Libya crisis

21/08/2020 – CAIRO: Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi has directed the army to maintain the highest levels of preparedness and combat readiness to protect Egypt’s national security.

During a meeting with various senior military personnel, the president directed them to continue to maintain combat readiness to carry out any tasks entrusted to them, in light of the current challenges in the region. Continuer à lire … « El-Sisi calls on army to be prepared amid Libya crisis »

Libyan government orders immediate cease-fire

21/08/2020 – Libyan government statement on Friday ordered an immediate cease-fire for all military forces and combat operations in the war-torn country.

“Cease-fire requires demilitarization of the Sirte and Jufra regions with security arrangements,” the statement said. Continuer à lire … « Libyan government orders immediate cease-fire »

Turkey set to receive $35 billion in Libya contracts

By Zülfikar Doğan

20/08/2020 – Following a maritime and military agreement signed in November, Turkey and Libya’s United Nations-recognised Government of National Accord (GNA) inked another deal on August 13 that effectively opens up the oil-rich North African country’s market to Turkish contractors.

The deal, signed by Turkish Trade Minister Ruhsar Pekcan and the GNA’s Planning Minister Al-Taher Al-Juhaimi, both resolves ongoing issues between Turkish firms and Libyan employers and paves the way for new investments and projects, inviting Turkish contracting firms to take on projects in the country. Continuer à lire … « Turkey set to receive $35 billion in Libya contracts »