01/05/2020 – Selon Renergen, un producteur sud-africain de gaz naturel liquéfié et d’hélium, le COVID-19 pourrait stimuler la demande d’hélium à moyen terme, car les hôpitaux font actuellement des stocks de matériels médicaux qui utilisent ce gaz. Les appareils d’IRM par exemple fonctionnent avec de l’hélium pour le refroidissement. Continuer à lire … « Afrique du Sud : A moyen terme, le coronavirus pourrait stimuler la demande mondiale d’hélium »
US defense and US Africa Command (AFRICOM) officials have told the US-based Washington Examiner that Russia inserted a paramilitary group in Libya to support Khalifa Haftar and position itself on the southern flank of NATO, adding that their presence is a graver danger than ISIS in the southern region of the war-ravaged country.
The newspaper said on Tuesday that the Russians are acting out on US strategic interests in North Africa, but at the same time, doing it at a low cost, because if they mess up, then the Kremlin has plausible deniability.
The US official told Washington Examiner that it is really about access in Libya for Russia and about having access to the ports, to the oil, as well as having a reason to be in the Eastern Mediterranean.
“When we talk about Russia, we have to be specific that it’s really the military contractors from Russia, the Wagner Group are there, and it’s really not the Russian government, the Russian military, that is in Libya. » The official explained.
He added that when Russia is pressed by the United Nations on their influence and impact in Libya, they would be quick to say that they are not really present there.
Since the U.S. departure from Libya following Haftar’s attack on Tripoli in April 2019, Russia has been strengthening its military partnership in Libya, said Kimberly Marten, chairwoman of the political science department at Barnard College, speaking at a Center for Strategic and International Studies forum Tuesday.
“There have been reports that they are people who are sharpshooters,” she said of the elite Wagner mercenaries operating on behalf of Haftar in Libya, adding that they have really been the pointy end of the stick, making a big difference in what Haftar is able to do.
Another defense official told the American newspaper that the Russian private military contractor, referring to Wagner Group, has been in Libya and other parts of the African continent since early 2018.
AFRICOM Navy Lt. Christina Gibson told the Washington Examiner in a statement that the command sees Russia increasingly using private military contractors for military training and security assistance, which offers Moscow greater flexibility to achieve its geopolitical and economic goals.
A senior defense official said if the US didn’t have a military presence in Libya – in a partner-building capacity or whatever – it would be put really far behind.
The senior defense official added: « From a military perspective, going back in would allow us to be engaged in training, as well as some US influence on the activities within the government of Libya, as well as allows us to keep track of ISIS Libya and other groups.”
« We believe that there will be a need in the future, an opportunity for us to get back into Libya again, but it’s a little difficult to answer that given the current crisis ongoing there and uncertainties that we’re seeing in Libya.” The US defense official said.
The Libya Observer
16/04/2020 – U.S. troops were part of a multinational force that repelled a brazen daytime raid by militants inside the United Nations Super Camp near Timbuktu Airport in Mali two years ago, according to award documents obtained by Military Times. Continuer à lire … « How US troops survived a little-known al-Qaeda raid in Mali two years ago »
Following the 1991 dissolution of the USSR—which maintained diplomatic relations with 46 African countries in the mid-1980s—the Russian Federation lost a large part of the Soviet influence on the continent. Beginning in the mid-2000s, however, Russia`s regional policy started to change, and the outbreak of the Ukrainian crisis solidified Russia`s resolve to pursue opportunities in Sub-Saharan Africa (Russiancouncil.ru, February 20). A truly pivotal event that demonstrated Russia`s determination was the Russia-Africa Summit and Economic Forum, held in Sochi on October 23–24, 2019 (see EDM, October 28, 2019). Given Russia`s relative economic weakness, one of the very few competitive advantages at the Kremlin`s disposal is military-technical cooperation. Continuer à lire … « Terrorist Threat as a Pre-Text: Russia Strengthens Ties with G5 Sahel »
06/01/2020 – Anti Terror Police Unit officers are interrogating four suspects arrested on Sunday while allegedly spying on military bases in Nairobi and Laikipia.
On Sunday evening, security officers arrested a Somali-Canadian man while photographing the Kenya Air Force Moi Air Base in Eastleigh. Continuer à lire … « Kenya – Four suspects arrested spying on military bases in Nairobi, Laikipia #Canada »
06/01/2020- Three United States Department of Defense personnel were killed as al-Shabab extremist group overran a key military base used by U.S. counter-terrorism forces in Kenya before dawn Sunday.According to the military, the attack on the Manda Bay Airfield which also destroyed several U.S. aircraft and vehicles before it was repelled, was the al-Qaida-linked group’s first attack against U.S. forces in the East African country. Continuer à lire … « 3 Americans Killed as Extremists Overran a Military Base in Kenya »
04/01/2020 – TENSIONS between the US and Iran, as well as between Iran and Saudi Arabia, are reaching a critical level, as are risks of a deliberate or accidental confrontation among these parties.
Nearly two years after entering into force, the 2015 Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) between Iran and the P5+1 (permanent members of the Security Council plus Germany) is in jeopardy. Continuer à lire … « Horn of Africa face threats as US-Iran conflict escalates »