La Chine s’oppose fermement aux activités mercenaires en Afrique (représentant chinois)

2019/05/02 – La Chine s’oppose fermement aux activités mercenaires en Afrique et soutiendra toujours la quête de paix et de prospérité des nations africaines, a déclaré lundi Ma Zhaoxu, représentant de la Chine aux Nations Unies.Les activités mercenaires constituent une menace pour la paix et la stabilité dans les pays africains et la Chine appelle à plus d’efforts internationaux en vue de résoudre ce problème, a indiqué M. Ma en tant qu’envoyé spécial du président chinois Xi Jinping lors d’un débat de haut niveau du Conseil de sécurité de l’ONU sur les activités mercenaires en Afrique. Continuer à lire … « La Chine s’oppose fermement aux activités mercenaires en Afrique (représentant chinois) »

Burkina Faso : des chasseurs traditionnels « Dozo » mettent en déroute des individus suspects armés dans le sud-ouest du pays

2019/01/09 – Des chasseurs traditionnels communément appelés « Dozo » ont mis lundi en déroute une dizaine d’individus non identifiés armés dans une forêt dans le village de Trimbio, dans le sud-ouest du Burkina Faso, a annoncé mardi le ministère de la Sécurité.Selon un communiqué du ministère de la Sécurité, lundi vers 17h00 heure locale, six à huit individus suspects armés ont été surpris dans une forêt du village de Trimbio, dans la commune de Loropéni (province du Poni, région du sud-ouest) par les habitants dudit village. Continuer à lire … « Burkina Faso : des chasseurs traditionnels « Dozo » mettent en déroute des individus suspects armés dans le sud-ouest du pays »

Mauritanie/Algérie – Sahara : Une jonction terrestre algéro-mauritanienne en faveur du Polisario

2018/08/26 – Décidé au plus fort de la crise entre le Maroc et le Polisario autour du corridor de Guerguerat à l’extrême sud du Sahara Occidental, un poste-frontière assurant la liaison terrestre entre l’Algérie et la Mauritanie a été inauguré à proximité de Tindouf.  Continuer à lire … « Mauritanie/Algérie – Sahara : Une jonction terrestre algéro-mauritanienne en faveur du Polisario »

Frontière Mali-Guinée : Une zone de conflits intercommunautaires récurrents (Opinion)

2018/05/21- Vivant longtemps en parfaite symbiose et dans une harmonie sociale de cohabitation, les communautés frontalières à cheval entre la Guinée et le Mali vivent dans une situation aussi infestée que malsaine due à l’absence de l’Etat en partie dans ces zones extrêmement sensibles sont exposées à tout vent. Continuer à lire … « Frontière Mali-Guinée : Une zone de conflits intercommunautaires récurrents (Opinion) »

Au Sahel, sécheresse et jihad créent une « crise pastorale » explosive

2018/04/22- Au Sahel, la sécheresse chasse les troupeaux et leurs bergers vers des contrées plus accueillantes, déclenchant une « crise pastorale » qui risque d’aggraver l’insécurité alimentaire dans une région déjà fragilisée par la présence de groupes jihadistes, alertent les spécialistes. Continuer à lire … « Au Sahel, sécheresse et jihad créent une « crise pastorale » explosive »

Mali – Amid growing insecurity, time to reassess UN peacekeeping presence in Mali, Security Council told

2018/01/24- Against the backdrop of worsening security in Mali’s central regions and with presidential elections just six months away, a senior United Nations official on Tuesday said it is time to reexamine the configuration of the UN peacekeeping presence in the West African country to reflect the changing circumstances on the ground.

“Looking forward, central Mali is likely to command sustained attention and to become an increasingly prominent feature in peace and reconciliation efforts,” said Jean-Pierre Lacroix, the Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations, briefing the Security Council, and noting that Mopti region has the highest number of terrorist attacks documented.

Describing the situation as “a race against time,” with growing insecurity claiming hundreds of civilian lives in the north and centre of Mali, Mr. Lacroix said the human rights and humanitarian situation is worsening as well, with aid workers estimating that 4.1 million Malians, or 22 per cent of the population, possibly facing food insecurity in 2018 – a proportion that could reach 30 to 40 per cent of inhabitants in the north and centre.

The goal now must be to create conditions conducive for elections and, going forward, the peace process, he said.

The UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) was established by Security Council resolution 2100 of 25 April 2013, following an uprising by armed groups earlier that year. The Mission supports the transitional authorities of Mali in the stabilization of the country and implementation of the transitional roadmap.

“Five years after the Mission’s establishment and two years and a half after the signature of the peace agreement, we believe the time has come to reassess the assumptions that underpin MINUSMA’s presence, review its key mandated tasks against achievements on the ground and reexamine the Mission’s layout through a comprehensive strategic review,” he said.

Recalling the Council’s request to develop a mission-wide strategic plan for a phased implementation of mission mandate and a transition plan that would hand over relevant tasks to the UN Country Team, Mr. Lacroix said that “it would be important that these two plans be informed by the findings of the strategic review to be conducted in the next weeks.”

In the meantime, MINUSMA continues to focus on core mandated tasks with notable achievements in its good offices and ‘protection of civilians’ efforts, he added.

He said that despite persisting capability gaps, including for crucial assets such as helicopters, MINUSMA has pursued its efforts to project the robust posture mandated by the Council, noting that since the beginning of the year, peacekeepers repelled three attacks against advance positions in Kidal region and one ambush in Mopti region, while three improvised devices exploded against Mission vehicles.

While these attacks resulted in only minor injuries to two peacekeepers, the review on peacekeepers fatalities recently conducted by General Santos Cruz highlighted the need to further enhance efforts, such as ensuring that all peacekeepers receive the training and equipment necessary to operate in such hostile conditions.

“We are currently working with MINUSMA to take all necessary measures to implement the recommendations of the report,” Mr. Lacroix said

Senegalese UNPOL Officers patrol the streets of Gao, Mali (file). Photo MINUSMA/Marco Dormino

The peacekeeping chief noted that Prime Minister Maiga convened a Cabinet meeting dedicated to addressing insecurity in the central region while the national coordination body of the integrated plan for security for the region is now operational.

Turning to the operationalisation of the G5 Sahel joint force, comprising Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, to combat terrorism and transnational organized crime in the restive region, he welcomed the launch of its second operation, as well as the establishment by the G5 Sahel Secretariat of a coordination cell to provide political oversight to the operations of the joint force.

Meanwhile, consultations for the conclusion of the technical agreement between the G5 Sahel, the UN and the European Union (EU) are progressing, Mr. Lacroix said, noting that the UN is working closely with the EU and the African Union on a joint resource mobilization strategy, ahead of the donors conference of 23 February in Brussels.

Development partners are also stepping up their efforts. Since October 2017, the Peace Building Fund launched four projects focused on Mopti and Sÿgou regions for a total of $8 million. These projects aim at enhancing the participation of women and youth in reconciliation efforts and prevent inter-community conflicts, including by restoring traditional conflict mediation mechanisms.

However, most of these initiatives remain in the inception phase and are yet to produce significant changes on the ground, he said, stressing that the upcoming presidential elections will mark the beginning of a new chapter in the stabilization of Mali.

Source: United Nations/ Photo: Jean-Pierre Lacroix, Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations, addresses the Security Council on the situation in Mali. Photo: UN Photo/Eskinder Debebe

Niger – America’s options in Niger: join forces to reduce tensions, or fan the flames

Numerous reports have appeared recently about beefing up US military presence in Niger, and potentially allowing American forces to more actively target suspected jihadist leaders in the region. This follows the deaths of US and Nigerien soldiers in Niger on October 4.

Most US and Nigerien officials have made it clear they believe that the attack was committed by the self proclaimed Islamic State in the Greater Sahara (ISGS) under Adnan Abu Walid al-Sahraoui, or fighters under his sway.

But the links between militant groups in the region – whether identified as “jihadist” or not – are often fluid and belie easy categorisation. This label obscures a situation which deserves much more consideration before pulling the trigger. And it takes attention away from the experiences of local populations who are often stuck between militant groups and sometimes hostile governments and foreign armies. Continuer à lire … « Niger – America’s options in Niger: join forces to reduce tensions, or fan the flames »