Mali : l’imam Dicko met en garde la junte

29/08/2020 – L’imam Mahmoud Dicko, figure principale des manifestations politiques qui ont entraîné le départ du président Ibrahim Boubacar Keita à l’issue d’un coup de force survenu le 18 août 2020, a mis en garde les responsables de la junte qui ont pris le pouvoir ce vendredi 28 août lors d’un rassemblement organisé pour rendre hommage aux victimes de la répression policière. Le religieux les a pressés de tenir leur promesse de changement et les a avertis qu’ils n’avaient pas carte blanche. Continuer à lire … « Mali : l’imam Dicko met en garde la junte »

Mali: ECOWAS gives junta 12 months to restore democracy

AUTHORITY of Heads of State and Government of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) has told the new military junta in the Republic of Mali that it has just one year to return the country to civilian rule.

This was one of the conditions given by the ECOWAS authority at the end of its second virtual extraordinary session on the socio-political situation in Mali. Continuer à lire … « Mali: ECOWAS gives junta 12 months to restore democracy »

Mali : Divisions emerge between Mali junta, opposition leaders

 

29/08/2020 – Tensions mounted on Saturday between Mali’s military junta and the country’s longtime political opposition after the coup leaders failed to invite prominent opposition figures to a planned forum on the country’s political future.

The meeting ultimately was cancelled and the junta leadership instead met with imam Mahmoud Dicko, an opposition leader who on Friday urged the junta to speed up the transition to civilian rule so the West African country could avoid further crushing financial sanctions. Continuer à lire … « Mali : Divisions emerge between Mali junta, opposition leaders »

Mali’s New Leader Thanks Morocco for Crisis Resolution Efforts

26/08/2020 – The leader of the new entity running post-coup Mali has thanked King Mohammed VI for Morocco’s active support towards resolving the country’s political crisis. 

A coup unfolded in Mali on August 18, forcing President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita to resign. After the president stepped down, the military personnel who staged the coup announced the establishment of the National Committee for the Salvation of the People (CNSP) as the entity in charge of leading Mali. Continuer à lire … « Mali’s New Leader Thanks Morocco for Crisis Resolution Efforts »

Mali Lithium operations unaffected by political instability in Mali

26/08/2020 – Mali Lithium Limited is continuing normal operations with the ongoing political instability in the West African country having no adverse impact.

It appears to be business as usual for the mining sector in Mali after a military coup ousted the President last week with no reported impact on operations or security at operating mines. Continuer à lire … « Mali Lithium operations unaffected by political instability in Mali »

UAE confirms its desire for stability in Mali and Sahel region

26/08/2020 – The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, MoFAIC, has said it is closely following the situation in the Republic of Mali.Reem bint Ibrahim Al Hashemy, Minister of State for International Cooperation, has contacted a number of African organisations, stressing the UAE’s commitment to ensuring stability throughout the Sahel region. Continuer à lire … « UAE confirms its desire for stability in Mali and Sahel region »

Mali/Bénin – Le président béninois plaide pour l’assouplissement des sanctions économiques contre le Mali

22/08/2020 – Le président béninois Patrice Talon a plaidé jeudi pour un assouplissement des sanctions économiques contre le Mali au sommet extraordinaire des chefs d’Etat et de gouvernement de la Communauté économique des Etats de l’Afrique de l’Ouest (CEDEAO) l consacré à la crise politique au Mali, a annoncé le gouvernement béninois dans un commuiqué parvenu vendredi à Xinhua à Cotonou. Continuer à lire … « Mali/Bénin – Le président béninois plaide pour l’assouplissement des sanctions économiques contre le Mali »

Detained Malian President May Be Deported to Senegal, Military Source Says

21/08/2020 –  The new Malian authorities, who came to power after the recent coup, are discussing with Senegal the possible deportation of detained President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita to the country, a Malian military source said.

“There are talks with Senegal on his [Keita’s] deportation [to Senegal]”, the source said late Thursday.

Earlier in the day, spokesman for the National Committee for the Salvation of the People Colonel Major Ismael Wague said that a transition council would be set up in Mali. The council would be headed by « a transition president », who can be either a military officer or a civilian, he added.

The National Committee for the Salvation of the People was established by the rebel military leaders following the coup earlier this week as Mali’s new governing body.

The coup began on Tuesday at the Kati military base near the Malian capital of Bamako. The rebels detained Keita, Prime Minister Boubou Cisse, and some other senior government officials. Later, Keita announced his resignation and dissolution of the parliament.

The Economic Community of West African States revealed on Thursday plans to send a high-ranking delegation to Mali to help restore constitutional order in the country. ECOWAS wants to seek the reinstatement of Keita as the Malian president.

SPUTNIK NEWS NOUAKCHOTT

Sahel-Elite (Bamako-Mali)

Canada should rethink aid to Mali after two coups, analysts say

The Globe and Mail

20/08/2020 – After two military coups in Mali in the past eight years, Canada and other key donors are being urged to reconsider their massive financial and security support for Mali’s dysfunctional government.

Soldiers seized power in the West African country on Tuesday for the second time since 2012, capitalizing on mass protests and rising discontent with a government that has failed to end years of violent insurgencies and corruption. The mutinying soldiers were greeted with jubilation in the streets of Mali’s capital, Bamako, in a clear sign that the government had lost the support of the population, despite the huge flows of international aid.

President Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta announced his resignation within hours of his arrest by the rebel soldiers. The military announced plans to set up a civilian transitional government and hold elections, but the African Union decided on Wednesday to suspend Mali, while West African countries closed their land and air borders with Mali and threatened to impose sanctions on it.

Canada is one of Mali’s biggest foreign supporters, providing a total of about $1.6-billion in development aid over the past 20 years, along with hundreds of military peacekeepers and police trainers. Other countries, including France, have sent thousands of soldiers and military vehicles to fight Islamist radicals.

The aid, however, has failed to end the violent conflict that has devastated the country. A report this month by United Nations’ experts found that senior army and intelligence officials in Mali are deliberately obstructing a 2015 peace agreement, allowing the violence to continue.

Over the past year alone, Canada provided about $140-million in development aid to Mali, deployed troops and police officers to the country, spent millions of dollars on peace and stabilization programs and wrapped up a 12-month peacekeeping mission in northern Mali that included helicopters and hundreds of military personnel. Canadian mining companies have also invested hundreds of millions of dollars in Mali.

About 10 Canadian military officers are currently stationed at the headquarters of the UN peacekeeping mission in Bamako, and there are no plans to evacuate them, according to Captain Gregory Cutten, a public-affairs officer for the Canadian Armed Forces.

The international aid has been criticized as excessively focused on military security, neglecting the crucial issues of governance that determine whether Mali’s political leaders can maintain public support.

“If you can’t get the governance right, you are really frittering away the money you are sending there,” said Fen Hampson, professor of international affairs at Carleton University in Ottawa.

Inside the Canadian government, there are signs that Ottawa agrees with the criticism. A Canadian official said the international community – including Canada – needs to spend more on governance in Mali rather than just counterinsurgency. The Globe and Mail is not identifying the official because they were not authorized to speak publicly on Mali.

The official agreed that the massive aid has helped Mali’s government to avoid demands for reform. The UN mission in Mali must do a better job of helping the government address popular grievances on issues such as policing, electricity, water and schools, the official said.

Prof. Hampson said the immediate challenge for countries such as Canada will be to hold the coup leaders to their pledge to provide free and fair elections. But in the longer term, he said, countries including Canada should be prepared to spend more on boosting Mali’s capacity to govern and meet the needs of its citizens.

“If you’re going to be engaged, you better be prepared to stay there for the long haul and not simply be doing a quick one-off because you are running for a seat on the United Nations Security Council,” Prof. Hampson told The Globe.

“If you can’t get the governance right, you are really frittering away the money you are sending there,” said Fen Hampson, professor of international affairs at Carleton University in Ottawa.

Inside the Canadian government, there are signs that Ottawa agrees with the criticism. A Canadian official said the international community – including Canada – needs to spend more on governance in Mali rather than just counterinsurgency. The Globe and Mail is not identifying the official because they were not authorized to speak publicly on Mali.

The official agreed that the massive aid has helped Mali’s government to avoid demands for reform. The UN mission in Mali must do a better job of helping the government address popular grievances on issues such as policing, electricity, water and schools, the official said.

Prof. Hampson said the immediate challenge for countries such as Canada will be to hold the coup leaders to their pledge to provide free and fair elections. But in the longer term, he said, countries including Canada should be prepared to spend more on boosting Mali’s capacity to govern and meet the needs of its citizens.

“If you’re going to be engaged, you better be prepared to stay there for the long haul and not simply be doing a quick one-off because you are running for a seat on the United Nations Security Council,” Prof. Hampson told The Globe.

“It does require perhaps a more serious international effort and not just by the French who have been doing a lot of the heavy lifting.”

He said there is a tendency to see Mali “as a bit of a sinkhole” because of the billions already spent by Western countries. “It’s a long-term problem and you’re going to have lots of failure but at the end of the day you have to ask the question: ‘What is the alternative?‘ ” he said.

“The alternative – to pull back and walk away – would not just mean destabilization in Mali and continuation of problems in the north, where you have both separatist elements and Islamic jihadists. It’s the contagion that is already spreading to other parts of West Africa.”

Chris Roberts, a political scientist at the University of Calgary who specializes in Africa and peacekeeping issues, said the heavy flow of foreign aid has allowed Mali’s government to stall the political reforms and accountability measures that it badly needs.

“As most Malians on the street know, the international community is part of Mali’s fundamental political crisis: It seems to support an entrenched political class,” Mr. Roberts told The Globe.

In the years before the 2012 coup, and again in the years before the latest coup, Canada significantly expanded its aid for Mali, he said.

“Canada ramped up its bilateral aid to Mali as political malaise, corruption and security dynamics got worse,” he said.

“We ignored the direct and indirect effects of development and security assistance. Mali’s political elites face no incentives to change, to improve institutions, elections and accountability, when they know the international community will keep the financial flows coming. Until we try harder to understand how high levels of aid foster an unaccountable political system, we are part of the problem.”

Judd Devermont, director of the Africa program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington, said the international community has been ignoring the political realities in Mali.

The country’s elite have reverted to patronage politics, neglecting the peace process and losing the trust of the public, he said in a commentary on Wednesday. “They have chosen to simply go through the motions,” he said.

AUTHOR : THE GLOBE AND MAIL

Sahel-Elite (Bamako-Mali) | Photo: Colonel-Major Ismael Wague, centre, spokesman for the soldiers identifying themselves as the National Committee for the Salvation of the People, speaks during a news conference at Camp Soudiata in Kati, Mali, on Aug. 19, 2020, one day after President Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta was forced to resign in a military coup. // Arouna Sissoko/The Associated Press

Mali: UK statement on military coup

The UK has issued a statement following a session of the UN Security Council on Mali.

Following the coup in Mali, FCO Minister James Duddridge said:

Along with our partners in the UN Security Council, the UK made clear today that it opposes the removal of Mali’s elected government by force.

I call on all parties to maintain calm, ensure full respect for human rights, and engage in constructive dialogue to ease tensions. All those detained during these tumultuous events must be released immediately.

I support the efforts of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the African Union and the United Nations to encourage a resolution to this crisis. We must focus our attention on re-establishing a civilian government in Mali as soon as possible. Only a democratically elected government can meet the needs and aspirations of the Malian people, including by delivering progress on the Mali peace process.

GOV.UK